An important piece of Europe’s future on energy and climate is being played out in the EU Parliament plenary.

Between today and tomorrow, the European Parliament will put eight proposals of the package to the vote, including key elements such as the reform of the ETS, the introduction of a carbon tax at the border and the phase-out of combustion engine vehicles

The stop on the sale of thermal cars from 2035 is the topic that has garnered most attention in recent days, with the clash between supporters and opponents of an accelerated transition to 100% electric mobility.

The revision of the European CO2 market (ETS) and the forthcoming introduction of a border tax on imports of certain CO2-intensive products (CBAM) are the other points of discussion.

Below are the eight dossiers on which the EU Parliament will vote:

  • new CO2 emission standard for cars and vans with a proposal to zero exhaust emissions by 2035 (i.e. a ban on the sale of petrol and diesel vehicles)
  • revision of the ETS market with its extension to buildings and transport;
  • introduction of the border carbon adjustment mechanism;
  • social climate fund to distribute resources to low-income households and support their investments in clean technologies and energy efficiency;
  • revision of the regulation on binding annual reductions of greenhouse gas emissions by Member States for the period 2021-2030;
  • revision of the ETS for aviation with phasing out of free allowances allocated to the sector;
  • implementation of the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (Corsia), the international scheme regulating flight emissions, into the ETS;
  • revision of the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) regulation.

The votes will determine the final position of the EU Parliament on these issues, from which the subsequent institutional negotiations with the Council and the Commission will start.