What is meant by an Energy Community?
An energy community is an association of users who work together to produce, consume, share and manage energy produced from renewable sources through one or more energy plants installed in their vicinity. The community is formed as a legal entity based on the open and voluntary participation of its members and can consist of local government agencies, companies, businesses, and/or private citizens. Thus, it is a collaborative energy form, centered on a local exchange system, which aims to encourage active participation of citizens in the energy system, promote distributed generation, and facilitate the transition to renewable sources by reducing users’ dependence on the national electricity system.
What are the main forms of Community in Italy?
Key regulatory milestones and next steps for CER and AUC development
Italy is adapting to the European context to encourage the development of renewable energy communities and collective self-consumption.
During the first half of 2023, the final steps are expected to be taken in order to complete the transposition process.
During 2023, the draft MASE decree was published and sent for approval to the European Commission.
The key points of the draft decree are:
- The definition of the premium tariff incentive by brackets based on the power of the plants
- The regulation of access/disbursement of the PNRR contribution dedicated to energy communities in municipalities with less than 5 thousand inhabitants
- The identification of rules for access to benefits from the entry into force of the decree and monitoring and evaluation activities
In addition, the first maps of areas subtended by individual primary substations by distributors, as required by TIAD, have been published.
The missing steps for finalizing the transposition of the regulations are:
a)Approval and entry into force of the MASE implementation decree
b)Entry into force of the TIAD
c)Update of GSE operating rules
d)Publication of the areas underlying individual primary substations on a centralized portal operated by the GSE